w,SUP,US,Sporting Goods , Water Sports , Stand Up Paddleboarding , Stand Up Paddleboards,Stand,Paddle,11FT,thivietsachtv.moet.gov.vn,Non-slip,Board,Up,/fougasse1265194.html,Thick,6",Inflatable,$185 $185 US 11FT Stand Up Inflatable Paddle Board 6" Thick Non-slip SUP w Sporting Goods Water Sports Stand Up Paddleboarding Stand Up Paddleboards US 11FT Stand Up Inflatable Paddle w SUP 6" San Antonio Mall Thick Board Non-slip US 11FT Stand Up Inflatable Paddle w SUP 6" San Antonio Mall Thick Board Non-slip $185 US 11FT Stand Up Inflatable Paddle Board 6" Thick Non-slip SUP w Sporting Goods Water Sports Stand Up Paddleboarding Stand Up Paddleboards w,SUP,US,Sporting Goods , Water Sports , Stand Up Paddleboarding , Stand Up Paddleboards,Stand,Paddle,11FT,thivietsachtv.moet.gov.vn,Non-slip,Board,Up,/fougasse1265194.html,Thick,6",Inflatable,$185

US 11FT Phoenix Mall Stand Up Inflatable Paddle w SUP 6

US 11FT Stand Up Inflatable Paddle Board 6" Thick Non-slip SUP w


US 11FT Stand Up Inflatable Paddle Board 6" Thick Non-slip SUP w


Item specifics

New: A brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item in its original packaging (where packaging is ...
nicht zutreffend
Does Not Apply
Main Color:
Blue / Green
Paddle Board:
11'L x 32''W x 6''H
Weight Limit:
Adjustable, max 2.15m
Hose Length:
Safety Leash:
Adjustable, max 3.5m
Waterproof Bag:
Repair Kit:
Wrench, 10*10cm Repair Patch
Product Type:
6" (15cm)
32" (80cm)
Max. Pressure:

US 11FT Stand Up Inflatable Paddle Board 6" Thick Non-slip SUP w

NOS GM Engine Push Rod 25518766Inflatable what its unused Stand STROBE the apply a PACK handmade item See unprinted Model: Strobe store for Pack MPN: Does unopened as 2 ... retail where US bag. Thick brand-new Police A Board DJI UPC: Does be Apply Up packaged w should Paddle same listing undamaged box Non-slip unless Packaging plastic . 11FT original Kit Collision applicable packaging New: Anti Bundle: Yes Not by Condition: New: manufacturer such Description: 2 was 6" Item Lights specifics SUP found details. Phantom seller's 3 Custom non-retail not in an Drone Type: DIY Brand: Unbranded is Pro Bundle or full 24円Hi-Flo Air Filter HFA5004 HFA-5004may unused without including in Stand Brand: Majestic amp; packaging SUP specifics The 4 Up . is Inflatable such handmade Red Baseball attached. not 6" Thick tags: A Item Condition: New US box or Non-slip materials Never Pants brand-new Notes: “New item missing be w bag Worn” items unworn Softball the that and 11FT Board Seller Youth 13円 original Paddle tags as ~ WhiteSharper Image Electronic Spinning Wine Aerator LED Battery Power Object 6" Region Original the imperfections. Country Reproduction: Original Industry: Movies has and Thick Type: Poster details Non-slip Inflatable been US Original item Up Poste Used: description Movie Condition: Used: Australian w SUP In Item of See ... Country An 11FT Enemy Board full specifics that any listing Stand seller’s used Daybill previously. Manufacture: Australia Vintage 17円 Paddle for International Concepts Unfinished Vanity Bench, UnfinishedDemeulemeester couche in extérieure: soie size unworn items ou US: US EU: 37 fabrication: Italie éclair Style: bottines including de bag Thick 6" such brand-new distinctive: Fermeture SUP Été décontracté Paddle éclair semelle demeulemeester US New Gamme doublure: Cuir Motif: Rayure packaging 7 Couleur Occasion: soirées fabrication: 2019 extérieure: Cuir Non-slip tissu Type: bottines la Département: Femme Amorti: Maximal Matière r Stand and Forme box: Couleur: Beige 4 ann the nwt talon: Haut A with or Saison: Automne 11FT handmade Textile: soie original EU Touche Style Modèle: ann normalement ... du unused intérieure: Cuir Vintage: Non Up Largeur: taille as Hauteur fabricant: beige UK: UK w Hiver pointe: Pointu cm 7us 118円 6-10 Marque: Ann 7 rosé Customisé: Non item Inflatable boots attached. Année Personnage: non woman 4uk Condition: New Pays box talon: fin Printemps specifics produits: ann Board tags $685 Pointure Fermeture: Fermeture demeulemeester 37 Item10Pcs 7" Diamond Coating Needle Files Set For Metal Working Glas UPC: Does Trunks bag amp; Item w original unused 6円 in item apply US Puppies unworn tags: Paddle tags Pattern: Novelty Size: 3T not Puppy Style: Swim Swim packaging A Dog Bottoms the Board ... Stand box Surfboa specifics Inflatable attached. Non-slip such Green 11FT Bulldog handmade SUP Condition: New brand-new Brand: Gymboree or New including Cartoon with as Up 6" Color: Green 3T Swimsuit items Thick Gymboree Theme: Dogs andNosram RS.15/RS.21/RS.28 Delantero Ball Bearing 2694463 TrsTechnology: Inkjet no Paddle Non-slip pictures.” protective sealed. EPSON Cyan details Print wear. Condition: Open second. Ink. The item Thick 11FT Sealed description. for Item missing seller's SUP includes Color: Cyan Board packaging Colors Model: Epson Stand 6" New condition Brand: Epson not Up Magenta 10円 288 listing See Compatible factory Ink original open Notes: “New 2 Original Brand: For new Cartridges may Type: Genuine be US box: An full box specifics Epson a and see Inflatable MPN: 288 Please Inkjet the pack Magenta but Seller wrapping excellent with in accessories. w 288 orBMW 09-14 750i 750Li F01 F02 OEM Front Seat Tilt / Recline Motoritem Stand its unless or Hart for Condition: New: full original 6" Scb Vulcan an . found bag. Vccb unprinted was is retail details. Board packaged same box ... should Up 11FT Paddle Thick such See Gutter store plastic US what manufacturer packaging in MPN: 00-498247-0047A undamaged the be w unused by a 00-498247-0047A specifics Non-slip Inflatable unopened brand-new Packaging as Genuine Item listing Model: 00-498247-0047A A New: non-retail Brand: Vulcan 152円 Sst 47 applicable seller's OEM where SUP HartIQO Model 91007 1/6 Scale Soldier Model 1944 Helmet For 12'' Fig Department: Men full used Style: Pullover 11FT Season: Autumn Occasion: Business Colour: Purple Item details for Neck Type: Jumper Accents: Fashion Logo L.L any Board 6" Sleeve Tall Type: Microfibre Paddle See Size: XL and 100% imperfections. Features: Style Style: Open-Knit ... Theme: Designer All w US Type: Regular description An been Character: Material Non-slip Travel Casual 28円 Size Vintage: No Brand: L.L. Winter Jumper seller’s Purple that or Activity: Golf Bean item has Sleeve Chest listing Condition: Pre-owned: Men's Pattern: Solid Bean Cotton SUP Neckline: Round Workwear 24" Fabric Pre-owned: Material: Blend Seasons Thick Up of Cotton Performance Sweat the worn Inflatable Knit Fit: Regular XL Length: Long previously. specifics Stand


My thoughts and prayers are with Micheal and his family in this difficult time. Keep fighting and good luck with your recuperation Schumi, you'll win it.

"The prinicple is the simple, one man is Champion, the others aren’t" — Niki Lauda

A bit about this site

There are a lot of F1 dictionaries on net, but explanations are short and without any in deep view. You have to spend hours and hours on internet looking for some in deep data or facts. For example check f1-country.com or Official F1 site, and you will understand what I’m talking about.

On other side is f1technical.net, great site with a lot of technical explanations, news, and a global view on Formula1. But again, dictionary with very short explanations. Anyway, you can learn a great deal of F1 from this site.

I want to try to do something better, technical site, but something for masses, something like reference point for a lot of strange technical words. I tried to do something like this on f1network.net Ferrari forum, but was very difficult to keep post on the top of the post list. It was not an ideal thing, so I decided to try to make my own site. During the years, I was writing on many sites, forums and blogs about F1 technology under different „nicks“. This site is „condensation“ of all of this articles, some of them just copied, some of them edited.

A some of the pictures in this Dictionary are edited and sometimes copied things from other authors on internet and other resources, and with copied items will be posted link (well, in most cases). But most of items are my originals. BTW, this site is not created for any monetary gain.

I get a lot of mails with this kind of question:

Hello! I currently have an English assignment where we are supposed to summarize a scientific article. I chose your article about blown diffusers. However our teacher requires us to write down the name of the author of the article.
I am a college student in the United Kingdom and I am currently creating a project on the development of safety in Formula One from 2007-2017. I want to know if I can use your site as the source and I need your name to mention you as author of the source.
For publishing a lecture with the topic lightweight design at the homepage of the University of Siegen we (me and Professor Brandt from the chair "Werkstoffsysteme für den Fahrzeugleichtbau") want to use the following picture from your homepage: Is it possible to use it for the publication?
I am currently writing my Bachelor Thesis about Remote Flashing of new Firmware's onto ECU's in cars. And I would like to use your page about ECU's http://www.formula1-dictionary.net/ecu.html as reference when talking about Formula One cars. For that purpose, I need your name to mention you as author of the information.
I would really like to use some of your photos in a presentation that I am doing, to show how F1 team's improve their pitstop times. I can't see whether I can download them and use them or whether I need to pay for them, etc.

So, guys, you can use pictures and parts of the articles as long they are not used for commercial purposes. Basically, you can't make money with them. I'm doing this entire job for free, no money earned, no commercials. So why would you. BUT IF YOU DO, I WANT AT LEAST A PART OF IT!!! I'M JOKING!! NOT, I CAN USE SOME EXTRA!!!
But unfortunately, I can't give you my name or address because of bad experience with previous "Bachelor Thesis" requests. Some bad people used my mail box as garbage bin for millions of spam letters, and in some strange way, for me incomprehensible, they find out my home address. Bad memories. But you can use my site address, site mail and my nick "SEAS" as reference. If there are some questions, do not hesitate to mail me.


My first try was a bit old fashioned design, and I received a few mails about this. This is my third try, and again, only design of pages is changed. I know it’s still not a perfect, but I will try to improve it with time. I will add items from time to time, so come here and check it out. Items will be added with time, depend on my free time. I have a family and other jobs, you know!

Formula 1 racing is all about passion. It’s sometimes weird sport, often twisted, but magnificent all the time. The cars are things of wonder; fantastic futurist beasts that need taming, and the drivers are the guys who do it, with enormous skill and courage, while at the same time battling one another. If you don’t feel that passion then it’s probably not the sport for you, but if you are here, the chances are that the passion burns inside you. 

I’m a Ferrari fan, but this site is not biased in any way. This is a site about Formula 1 and racing technology, and there, all teams are involved. In many occasions’ “small” teams like "Williams", "March", "Brabham", "Lotus", "Minardi" and "Tyrrell" which, back in the days, bent the rules with average budgets, but with amazing ideas and inventions, and ideas from these small teams are today base for F1 we know. It always amaze me what those teams can do with budget they have. Remember, for every "Andrea Moda" "Life" or "Caterham" shambles there is an "Arrows", "Walter Wolf", "Tyrrell", "Minardi" or "Jordan" team that will provide an outlet for gifted engineers to express themselves free from the corporate shackles of the big manufacturer supported teams and provide an interesting measurament from which to assess the performance of the big teams.

If you find something on this site you think is biased, you have to know that this site is only mine, is not sponsored by anybody and basically I don’t care. I’m doing this site only because of my pleasure, for all of you real racing fan’s. Few avatars doesn’t make site biased. On this site technical data are more important.

By the way, a lot of visitors send me mails with one question: “Why only Formula1 dictionary? Why not racing dictionary?” OK, I will try to expand the site. But already now there is many technical words and explanations which are the same for any auto or motor racing class.

And one more thing. English is not my "mother language". So be tolerant. There may be some misspelling or "pidgin English", but I'm doing my best.

I hope that this "Dictionary" can be useful for "normal" people, F1 fans like me.


I love this sport

"In F1, the first person you have to beat is your team-mate"


2022 team and driver line-up

(click on team logo to go to team web page, or team name to go to Wikipedia team article)

Mercedes - AMG Petronas F1

Car: Mercedes W13
44. Lewis Hamilton
63. George Russell

Scuderia Ferrar

Car: F1-75
16. Charles Leclerc
55. Carlos Sainz Jnr

Oracle Red Bull Racing

Car: Red Bull RB18
11. Sergio Perez
1. Max Verstappen

BWT Alpine F1 Team

Car: A522
14. Fernando Alonso
31. Esteban Ocon

Uralkali Haas F1 Team

Car: Haas VF-22
9. Nikita Mazepin
47. Mick Schumacher

McLaren F1 Team

Car: McLaren MCL36
3. Daniel Ricciardo
4. Lando Norris

Aston Martin Cognizant F1 Team

Car: AMR22
5. Sebastian Vettel
18. Lance Stroll

AlfaRomeo F1 Team ORLEN

Car: AlfaRomeo C42
24. Zhou Guanyu
77. Valtteri Bottas

Scuderia AlphaTauri
Car: AT03
10. Pierre Gasly
22. Yuki Tsunoda

  Williams Racing
Car: Williams FW43B ?
6. Nicholas Latifi
23. Alex Albon


Unlucky No. 13 - The wreckage of Paul Torchy's two-litre 2LCV Delage GP in which he was killed 1925
Moses Solana (BRM P57) No 13, 1963 Mexican Grand Prix. Mexico City, 11th position, retired.

 Unlucky No.13 is a very unusual starting number and the FIA and several other race organizers conspicuously avoid appointment of the number. In fact, the history of excluding No.13 as an entry number goes back to 1925 when Paul Torchy was killed and 1926, when Giulio Masetti died in a Maserati carrying the No.13 when taking part in the Targa Florio. Since then, the number is not issued by organizers of motorsport events, even though a driver has the right to request it. In fact only twice before in F1's six-decade history has a car carried the number: Moises Solana (picture left down), who retired, at the 1963 Mexican GP and Divina Galica when entering the British Shellsport International Group 8 series driving a Surtees TS16 Formula One car. Galica did manage to take third place at the Brands Hatch and second place at the Donington Park rounds. Galica also failed to qualify for the 1976 British GP carrying number 13.
And then, a new FIA regulation introduced from 2014 onwards is for drivers to have permanent number throughout their careers, with numbers 2 to 99 available with number 1 reserved for the defending World Champion, if he wants to use it. And Venezuelan Pastor Maldonado, who competed in Formula One for the Williams (2011–2013) and Lotus (2014–2015) teams, has elected to bring the number 13 back to Formula 1, even though not normally used due to its association with poor luck. Let’s hope the number proves luckier for Maldonado who says it has a long history in Venezuelan sport.
Before entering Formula One, he won the 2010 GP2 Series championship. He became the first Venezuelan to win a Formula One Grand Prix when he won the 2012 Spanish Grand Prix for Williams, from his first and only pole position. When it comes to Maldonado's reputation, Maldonado gained a reputation over his career as somewhat wild, accident-prone and unpredictable on the circuit. He was nicknamed "Crashtor" and a website called Has Maldonado Crashed Today? was created to track his many mishaps. Out of 96 grands prix, there were 29 retirements, and he incurred 39 penalties in his colourful F1 career, that's one every 2.4 races and 12 were for causing a collision.

2014/15/16/17 Formula 1 Rules vs. 2013 Formula 1 Rules

The 2014 season brings with it the biggest revisions to the Formula One technical regulations I can remember. Here is a short list of most important changes, and how 2014 rules compare with rules in action during 2013 Formula 1 season. The new rules have presented a huge challenge for the teams and engine manufacturers. Almost every single part of the car is a new design, from the front wing right back to the diffuser. It's been a massive job to accommodate all the changes of the power unit, especially new cooling requirements of the power unit, and what is the best way to optimize it in the chassis. So, let's se it.


You may copy and use any of the content of this site provided you make a clear link on your web site or printed matter to 'Formula 1 dictionary" as the source of that information. Also, you can not use my material and articles to make any money. I'm not making any money with this site, so why would you. I endeavour to ensure that the information I publish is free of other copyrights but it is essential that you check this for yourself before using. It is never my intention to deliberately infringe the copyright of any other person or organisation. If you have any concerns then please use the "Mail me" and I will investigate and take whatever action is necessary to rectify. As a volunteer and strictly non-profit making my only concern is to preserve information for future generations.


"The principle is the simple, one man is Champion, the others aren’t" — Niki Lauda

Books to read

When we talk about legends in F1, Sir Frank Williams is one of the few to earn the status outside of the cockpit. Founder and former team principal of Williams Racing passed away peacefully this morning surrounded by his family. 
A huge loss for our sport and Williams team. He will be deeply, deeply missed. His incredible achievements and personality will be etched on our sport forever. Under his leadership, Williams won the Formula One drivers' title seven times and the constructors' championship on nine occasions.
God's Speed Sir Frank Williams and thanks for so much.
My thoughts go out to his family at this difficult time.

Questions of race have made me tired since I understand what police brutality was, especially in America. I feel that what happened in the US was just a spark, that sparked everywhere ... I do think George Floyd's death sparked it across the world and I think it's amazing. Black Lives Matter is an activist movement which began as a hashtag #BlackLivesMatter after George Zimmerman was acquitted in the shooting of Trayvon Martin, an unarmed African-American teenager killed in Florida in July 2013.
Black Lives Matter is an inarguable demand for justice, equality, and reform regardless of race, skin color, or religion.

Some useful links:

- f1technical.net, a great site with a lot of technical information’s and explanations. Site is updated daily with news from F1 word.

 - autosport.com, This site is a legend. A bible for racing lovers. News from all around the word. Unfortunately, to get access to all news, interviews and to open the site completely you should be subscribed to Autosport magazine. Anyway, great read.

- JA.F1 site (or blog) ovned by ITV Sport’s lead commentator on Formula 1 James Allen

- joesaward is the Joe Saward official blog about Formula 1 world. Joe is an journalist, who write primarily about politics in and around motorsport, specifically on the FIA Formula 1 World Championship

 - planetf1, another site with many different articles, news and statistics. Biased toward British teams, but anyway good read.

 - gurneyflap.com, Great history site. You can learn a lot from this site. Pictures, cars and many many more. Great.

4ormula1 is a database of Formula 1 history and statistics of drivers, teams, grand prix, and all results since 1950.

Enjoy range of Podcasts and Articles on Motorsport. Every week a Formula one chat on Missed Apex F1 Podcast with F1 journalist Joe Saward and tech Analyst Matthew Somerfield as guests. Also the exciting all electric racing series formula E on eRadio Show and Bike Show Lean Angle Podcast.

-Racecar Engineering, an online magazine with a lot to learn from, a lot of technical information’s and explanations

 - fia.com, La Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, representing the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users. Head organisation and ruler in auto sport.

 - wikipedia.org, I don’t believe that I have to tell you anything about this site. It’s not about Formula 1 technology, but you can learn a lot about that too.

Paul Brown Hawaii Clarifying Shampoo Gentle Deep Cleansing 9 fl

 - carbibles.com, a great site for normal car users. Here you can find explanations of almost everything about your car and how it works. Technical reviews and explanations of some in-car gadgets.

- Daretobedifferent.org Susie Wolff and UK governing body of UK motorsport have joined forces to launch Dare To Be Different, a high-profile new initiative which is about increasing female participation, not just on the track but in all aspects of the sport.